Research

“Let the mob do the job”: How proponents of hatred are threatening freedom of expression and religion online in Asia
“Let the mob do the job”: How proponents of hatred are threatening freedom of expression and religion online in Asia 29 September 2017 Gayathry Venkiteswaran

Much of the studies on hate speech use legal analyses and focus on the speaker. while this is important to any understanding of incitement to hatred and violence, it does not always capture the sociopolitical and historical developments that could explain why we are witnessing serious consequences of speech that does not necessarily meet the threshold or definition of hate speech, or the lack of interventions to prevent hate speech. As such, this report expands the scope to suggest a multi-la...

Anatomy of virtual curfews: Human rights vs. national security
Anatomy of virtual curfews: Human rights vs. national security 09 March 2017 Ritu Srivastava and Bijo P. Abraham

The balance between state powers and rights of citizens is a symbol of democracy. With the advent of the internet, exercising free speech, expression, association and assembly have become much easier. It has not only made communication technology affordable but has also given a platform for self-expression, which was otherwise not available through traditional media. However, most countries build contingencies into their national law that allow for governments to take control of communication...

Shrinking Spaces: Online Freedom of Assembly and of Association in Pakistan
Shrinking Spaces: Online Freedom of Assembly and of Association in Pakistan 11 January 2017 Bytes for All, Pakistan

The rights to freedom of assembly and of association (FoAA) are among the fundamental human rights enshrined in the domestic law of Pakistan and the International Bill of Human Rights. Domestically, FoAA is outlined in Articles 16 and 17 of the Constitution of Pakistan. Internationally, FoAA is outlined in Article 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), Articles 21 and 22 of the...

Internet for Men?: The Digital Marginalisation of Women in Northern Nigeria
Internet for Men?: The Digital Marginalisation of Women in Northern Nigeria 08 January 2017 Y.Z. Ya'u and M.A. Aliyu

In recognition of the gender digital divide, the Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD) requested a member subgrant from the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) to implement a project whose main goal was to raise awareness about the factors that inhibit women from using the internet, develop strategies to overcome them, and pursue the implementation of these stra...

Desecrating Expression: An account of freedom of expression and religion in Asia
Desecrating Expression: An account of freedom of expression and religion in Asia 15 December 2016 Gayatri Khandhadai

Desecrating Expression: An account of freedom of expression and religion in Asia builds on the global discussion around the intersection between the right to freedom of expression and the right to freedom of religion. The study focuses on nine countries in Asia – Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Vietnam – which each have seen a significant n...

Global Information Society Watch 2016: Economic, Social and Cultural rights (ESCRs) and the internet
Global Information Society Watch 2016: Economic, Social and Cultural rights (ESCRs) and the internet 14 December 2016 Various

The 46 country reports gathered here illustrate the link between the internet and economic, social and cultural rights (ESCRs). Some of the topics will be familiar to information and communications technology for development (ICT4D) activists: the right to health, education and culture; the socioeconomic empowerment of women using the internet; the inclusion of rural and indigenous communities ...

Overcoming gender-based digital exclusion in northern Nigeria: A strategy document
Overcoming gender-based digital exclusion in northern Nigeria: A strategy document 06 December 2016 Center for Information Technology and Development (CITAD)

Although in a number of countries the gender dimension of the digital divide has been bridged, this is not so in Nigeria, where there is huge differential between men and women in terms of access to and use of the internet. Within the country, it is worse in the states in the northern parts of the country. This is due to a number of factors including culture, religion, education and attitudes. ...

Economic, social and cultural rights in India: Opportunities for advocacy in intellectual property rights
Economic, social and cultural rights in India: Opportunities for advocacy in intellectual property rights 05 December 2016 Sunil Abraham and Vidushi Marda

The rights established in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) are socioeconomic rights and are easily mapped onto rights to education, work, science and culture. These rights, however, are not as easily mapped onto intellectual property rights. This three-part case study contemplates the ICESCR through aspects of intellectual property in India, namely, mo...

The internet domain name system and the right to culture
The internet domain name system and the right to culture 05 December 2016 Paula Jaramillo Gajardo and Juan Carlos Lara Gálvez, Derechos Digitales

The internet is often seen as a haven for the exercise of fundamental human rights. This includes economic, social and cultural rights (ESCRs), also known as second-generation human rights. The right to culture is recognised in different human rights instruments, and includes the right to participate in cultural life, respect for the cultural heritage of communities including their language, an...

Latin America in a Glimpse 2016
Latin America in a Glimpse 2016 03 December 2016 APC, Coding Rights, Derechos Digitales and IFEX-ALC

This report is a summary of the most relevant information on the human rights and internet situation in Latin America during 2016. We hope that this initiative will increase the knowledge of the international community, gathered in the Internet Governance Forum 2016, about our region. This initiative is coordinated by Derechos Digitales, the Association for Progressive Communications (APC), and...

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