Local access and community networking

Moving with the times: Opening spectrum so we can all communicate
Moving with the times: Opening spectrum so we can all communicate 24 January 2011 Evan Light

This introduction to developing a policy on open spectrum by spectrum expert Evan Light for APC, breaks down what spectrum is, how it works and why governments with under-served communities stand to gain so much from opening up the spectrum to more users and uses.  

More spectrum could make licensing a more transparent process in Nigeria
More spectrum could make licensing a more transparent process in Nigeria 24 January 2011 Fola Odufuwa

Nigeria is arguably one of the leading countries in Africa with respect to spectrum deregulation and licensing. However while the country follows best practices on the telecommunications side, the process for allocating broadcasting licenses and frequencies lacks transparency and is still dependant on Presidential approval. As the two regulatory bodies prepare to merge to form a single entity, Nigeria to reconsider how it allocates broadcasting licenses, says Fola Odufuwa, ICT expert and auth...

Open spectrum for development: Policy brief
Open spectrum for development: Policy brief 17 January 2011 Evan Light

This policy brief by Evan Light provides a brief history of how spectrum use has developed over the past 80 years, examines how it is currently being managed and what the current issues surrounding spectrum are, and makes a case for open spectrum.

Opening up spectrum can prevent Kenya from running out
Opening up spectrum can prevent Kenya from running out 22 December 2010 LC

Currently, about 20 million Kenyans own mobile phones. Mobile phones receive their signals over electromagnetic waves that are also used for everything from home appliances like microwave ovens and remote controls, to the radio and internet. These waves are assigned different frequencies or spectrum so that they don’t interfere with each other. However Kenya is at risk of running out of spect...

Open spectrum for development: Nigeria case study
Open spectrum for development: Nigeria case study 16 December 2010 Fola Odufuwa

With hundreds of telecommunications and broadcasting licenses granted since 1992, Nigeria is arguably the leading country in Africa with respect to spectrum deregulation and licensing. There are over currently 350 licensed broadcast stations in operation in the country. With the global trend that will see two regulatory bodies merge, this report questions which regulatory body’s practice of a...

Open spectrum for development - collected research and articles
Open spectrum for development - collected research and articles 06 December 2010 APC

APC’s open spectrum initiative aims to provide an understanding of spectrum regulation by examining the situation in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The timely research coincides with the rapid growth of wireless and mobile in Asia, Africa and Latin America, and raises fresh questions about the use of spectrum and the policies that govern it. The research looks at how spectrum is assigned, wh...

APC starts research into spectrum regulation in Brazil, India, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria and South Africa
APC starts research into spectrum regulation in Brazil, India, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria and South Africa 25 May 2010

Every thirty months the amount of information that can be transmitted over a wireless internet connection has the potential to double. Wireless could be the way to provide affordable broadband to millions of people currently living with poor connectivity. However the policy and regulation related to spectrum is often inefficient, secretive and ill-informed. APC’s new research will examine how...

Open access to spectrum for development
Open access to spectrum for development 20 May 2010

Wireless technology could radically transform the lives of millions of people living with poor connectivity — but only if the policy makes sense. Our research critiques the situation in Africa, Asia and Latin America.  

Open Spectrum For Development: Kenya Case Study
Open Spectrum For Development: Kenya Case Study 16 December 2009 Muriuki Mureithi PhD

At the regulatory layer, Communications Commission of Kenya (CCK) is a key actor with a legal mandate on spectrum management in Kenya. Kenya Communications Act 1998, Kenya Communications Act 2010, and subsequent subsidiary legislation as promulgated by the Minister define the CCK’s mandate. Appeals Tribunal arbitrates any disputes arising from implementation of the enabling legislation.

Pro-poor ICT access resource kit
Pro-poor ICT access resource kit 06 October 2008

In order to reduce poverty and foster inclusive development through affordable access to the internet, APC developed a resource kit for realising a universal access agenda, present promising options, experiences, lessons and opportunities in pro-poor access provision in developing societies.

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