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In his analysis, Hugo Carrión reflects on the political and economic context in which universal access funds emerged in the Andean Region and their evolution as mechanisms for achieving the objectives of universality in telecommunications.

He also reflects on the current role of the state regarding provision of public services and reviews the situation in Andean countries.

Carrión concludes that regulation and control are inherent to the role of the state which is responsible for assuring universal access and seeing that wireless and mobile communications are exhibited as a strategic element in achieving the goals of universalisation. Provision of universal access, according to the expert, should consider these technologies as well as assure access to groups traditionally marginalised.