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This statement was read out during the 39th Session of the Human Rights Council by Amanda Hodgeson from the Coalition of African Lesbians (CAL), during the general debate under Agenda Item 8: Follow-up to and implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action.
I make this statement on behalf of the Association for Women’s Rights in Development, the Coalition of African Lesbians, the Sexual Rights Initiative, and the Association for Progressive Communications.
The Vienna Declaration affirms the duty of all states to promote and protect all human rights – indivisible and universal – prioritising women’s human rights and the eradication of all forms of gender-based discrimination. Yet, we observe with alarm today intensifying attacks on our human rights systems and protections, and particular threats to women human rights defenders (WHRDs).
Around the world, movements of the extreme right are growing in power.
Activists are confronted by multiple and intersecting oppressions on the rise: authoritarianism, ultra-nationalism, racism, neo-colonialism, corporate capture, militarism, and fundamentalisms. WHRDs face increasingly repressive environments and threats to their legitimacy and security, and are subject to threats, intimidation, harassment, defamation campaigns, violence, discrimination and attacks in an attempt to restrict their access and engagement with the UN.
States have violated the rights of defenders and feminist movements in recent years by a number of interrelated measures, including:
Criminalisation and stigmatisation of human rights defenders
Restrictions on their rights to freedom of assembly and expression (including surveillance)
Restrictions on funding for CSOs
Anti-rights actors colluding in intimidation, attacks and reprisals against civil society.
States then seek impunity for their violations by delegitimising and undermining the national and international legal frameworks for the protection of human rights defenders and our human rights frameworks as a whole.
The recent decision of the African Union (AU) requiring the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) to revise its criteria for granting and withdrawing observer status for NGOs, for example, mirrors similar attacks on the global human rights system. The decision of the ACHPR to withdraw the Coalition of African Lesbians’ observer status, following instructions from the Executive Council of the AU, is a clear illustration of threats enacted by states to civil society participation and defenders working to advance and defend human rights on the continent.
Not only is this decision an expression of the misogynistic and homophobic backlash against activists and WHRDs worldwide, it is a sign that the ACHPR has lost its independence.
Without an effective, independent and rights-based African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, rights holders are left to defend themselves against the routine and persistent rights violations perpetrated by the powerful – including corrupt corporations and government officials.
Furthermore, states are increasingly and opportunistically using terms like “morals”, “values”, “culture” and “family” to undermine human rights and delegitimise defenders. These terms do not belong in the human rights framework. The African Union, by its interpretation of the “African Values” of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, is actively pushing for homogenisation without recognising the diversity of the continent, that values and culture are not static but change, and is using this to further entrench discrimination and violence against women and non-normative people.
It is clear that we require an urgent response to the growing global trend of push-back and reprisals against feminist activists and WHRDs, and the moves to undermine and delegitimise our human rights systems.
We call upon states to speak out and counter anti-rights propaganda and the dismantling of the global and African human rights mechanisms.