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Freedom of expression is a universally accepted human right. As a signatory of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Pakistan has committed to uphold this right in the national constitution and through local laws. This report looks at how this right is framed in the legal structure in Pakistan and how it is practised, particularly in the digital spaces, by customising the APC-La Rue Framework.

With this research, Bytes for All, Pakistan aims to assist journalists, civil society organisations, and national and global human rights activists in assessing the state of internet freedoms in Pakistan.

This report on the State of Internet Freedoms in Pakistan forms part of the baseline research conducted by the project APC-IMPACT (India, Malaysia, Pakistan Advocacy for Change through Technology), which aims to address restrictions on the internet by promoting and protecting internet rights.



  • Asad Baig and Sadaf Khan


Research assistants

  • Haroon Baloch
  • Mohammad Arsalan Saeed


Legal consultant

  • Advocate Kamran Arif



  • Nida Meyer Mian