Many governments have established funds dedicated to expanding connectivity to underserved communities, so-called Universal Service Funds (USFs) or Universal Service and Access Funds (USAFs). The purpose of the paper is to examine advocacy efforts led by civil society in selected countries that have led to systemic changes in local policies and regulations, with a specific focus on the use of USFs for funding community networks.
This issue brief explores questions related to online expression for feminist and women’s rights activists, and draws upon the emerging trends and challenges. It also provides an introduction to useful emerging language and advocacy for the UN Commission on the Status of Women and beyond.
Recently there have been a flurry of proposals to “regulate the internet”, which in practice boils down to more narrowly regulating online content. In order to suggest a principles-based approach to regulation, this issue paper highlights positive and negative aspects of some recent initiatives.
This paper focuses on the human rights impacts of recent initiatives in three countries (Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania) to “tax” the internet through introducing excise duties on, essentially, internet access and/or use.
In this paper, Leandro Navarro describes a model to develop network infrastructure as common property, governed under the principles of common-pool resources.
The purpose of this issue paper is to examine the background and legal framework that support a right to universal free access to online information, with a specific focus on the South African context.
This paper explores what online violence against women is; what can be done to stem and ultimately eliminate it; and whose responsibility it is to do so.
Through a feminist lens that brings together economic justice and gender justice concerns, this paper traces the key elements of the right to access, right to knowledge and right to development in the network society, and chalks out strategic directions for feminist advocacy in relation to ICTs.
This paper historicises gender justice struggles and feminist engagement with ICT policies, tracing the idea of development put forward by women from the global South through the years leading to the Beijing Conference on Women and later, the WSIS process.
This paper highlights the gendered and racialised effects of data practices; outlines the overlapping nature of state, commercial and peer surveillance; and maps the challenges and opportunities women and queers encounter on the nexus between data, surveillance, gender and sexuality.