ICT policy

Bolivia: Universal Broadband Access: Advances and challenges
Bolivia: Universal Broadband Access: Advances and challenges 29 June 2009 Orlando D. Arratia

Orlando Arratia situates the problem in the extremely low ICT penetration rates in Bolivia and the lack of public policies to address the issue throughout many decades: only 1.23% of Bolivians own computers, 7.1% have fixed-line telephone service and 4% have access to the internet. Access to broadband internet is even more limited. Rural and marginal urban areas are practically cut off from all communications services. At the current time, Arratia reports, advances are being made in the incl...

Ecuador: Wireless Networks for Development
Ecuador: Wireless Networks for Development 29 June 2009 María Eugenia Hidalgo

Ecuador is one of the countries with the lowest broadband internet penetration rates in the region, a mere 2.7%, notes María Eugenia Hidalgo. This, she says, is the legacy of a failed privatisation process in the telecommunications sector and the subsequent adoption of legal reforms that handed the most profitable segment of the market (mobile telephony) to the transnational private sector. The liberalisation of the sector was enshrined in the constitution adopted in 1998 which eliminated th...

Peru: The Battle for Control of the Internet
Peru: The Battle for Control of the Internet 29 June 2009 Jorge Bossio

Researcher Jorge Bossio poses the questions: Can you imagine a day when there are two kinds of internet networks, one open and public and the other closed and exclusive, similar to free-to-air television channels and cable television channels? Can you imagine only being able to access certain websites or online applications by paying extra for a specific internet access service, like the “pre...

Venezuela: NAP: An Opportunity to Improve  Universal Broadband Access?
Venezuela: NAP: An Opportunity to Improve Universal Broadband Access? 29 June 2009 Ysabel Briceño

Ysabel Briceño observes that the long distance that most internet traffic must travel outside the region before returning back to the region is a problem that affects both the quality and cost of communications services in the countries of South America, including Venezuela. As a result of this, she notes, the creation of NAPs has emerged as a solution to avoid routing local internet traffic ...

Introduction to the Regional Advocacy reports: Universal Access Funds in the Andean Region
Introduction to the Regional Advocacy reports: Universal Access Funds in the Andean Region 29 June 2009 Hugo Carrión Gordón

In his analysis, Hugo Carrión reflects on the political and economic context in which universal access funds emerged in the Andean Region and their evolution as mechanisms for achieving the objectives of universality in telecommunications. He also reflects on the current role of the state regarding provision of public services and reviews the situation in Andean countries. Carrión concludes...

APC says goodbye to the Africa ICT policy monitor site
APC says goodbye to the Africa ICT policy monitor site 28 May 2009 Chakula

Since the APC Africa ICT Policy Monitor started in 2001, significant inroads into raising the profile of the need for progressive ICT policy approaches in Africa have been made. The need for a portal like the Africa ICT Policy Monitor that collects and organises news and resources on a vast array of issues has diminished, but APC’s policy programme’s Africa wing will continue to report on i...

Benin: Where mobile users carry  3, 4, even 5 SIM cards to make a call
Benin: Where mobile users carry 3, 4, even 5 SIM cards to make a call 28 May 2009 LC

The telecoms situation in Benin is unique. The array of mobile telephone enterprises established during Mathieu Kérékou’s regime has resulted in the average Beninese owning three, four, or even five SIM cards for their daily communication needs. Facilitated by corruption and skyrocketing prices, it was not until the arrival to power of the new president Yayi Boni in 2006 that reform in thi...

WSIS follow up: APC at the Commission on Science and Technology for Development
WSIS follow up: APC at the Commission on Science and Technology for Development 24 May 2009

“The post WSIS clock is ticking and many challenges remain,” said APC executive director Anriette Esterhuysen at the opening of the twelfth session of the Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSDT). Among these challenges, she talked about WSIS principles related to human rights: “In many countries from the developed world and the developing world there is still a sense t...

APC response to the Internet Governance Forum Review
APC response to the Internet Governance Forum Review 15 May 2009 APC

“The IGF has embodied the WSIS Principles – that internet governance should be multilateral, transparent and democratic, with the full involvement of governments, the private sector, civil society and international organisations – in its practice as a space for policy dialogue. [...] There are however areas that need improvement. Participation of civil society, and in some cases also of d...

Removing blinders on war crimes and e-accessibility in the former Yugoslavia
Removing blinders on war crimes and e-accessibility in the former Yugoslavia 14 May 2009 Danjela Babic

APC member ZaMirNET has been working hard on uncovering the truth about war crimes committed during the Yugoslav wars, between 1991 and 2001. In late October, they joined an initiative to establish a regional body that will expose the truth about war crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia, which will help serve justice and guarantee that these crimes will not be repeated in the future. More...