Research

Examining Internet Freedom in Latin America: Paraguay country report
Examining Internet Freedom in Latin America: Paraguay country report 27 March 2016 Maricarmen Sequera Buzarquis, TEDIC

Paraguay experienced state and private surveillance during the military dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner (1954-1989). However, the democratic period is not exempt from similar practices or new forms of abusive intrusion into the lives of citizens. This report analyses surveillance and violations of basic rights that continue in this democratic period in Paraguay, in other forms including surveillance using the internet. It also documents the heightening of some processes such as tougher pen...

Examining Internet Freedom in Latin America: Colombia country report
Examining Internet Freedom in Latin America: Colombia country report 27 March 2016 Juan Diego Castañeda and Amalia Toledo, Fundación Karisma

Although Colombia has challenges guaranteeing internet access to all its population, the internet has become an essential tool for the development of many activities and the exercise of fundamental rights like freedom of expression and access to knowledge. Legislation and jurisprudence applicable to the internet have not been systematic, and this has often had major effects on whether the internet will continue to be a free and open tool. The principle of net neutrality, for example, has deve...

How the technical community frames the Internet and economic, social and cultural rights
How the technical community frames the Internet and economic, social and cultural rights 23 December 2015 Avri Doria

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the issues surrounding strategies for cooperation with the technical community in the effort to advance economic, social and cultural rights (ESCRs) on the Internet. The paper begins by describing the framework for the analysis of the functional environment of the technical community. The latter part of the paper outlines some opportunities for making pro...

The Working Group on Internet Governance - 10th Anniversary Reflections
The Working Group on Internet Governance - 10th Anniversary Reflections 30 November 2015 Various authors. William J. Drake (editor)

2015 marks the 10th anniversary of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). The UN General Assembly reviewed the progress made over the past decade and negotiated a text that addresses a number of global Internet governance issues. 2015 is also the 10th anniversary of a multistakeholder experiment that helped bring the WSIS to a successful conclusion: the Working Group on Internet Go...

Global Information Society Watch 2015: Sexual rights and the internet
Global Information Society Watch 2015: Sexual rights and the internet 19 November 2015 Various

This edition of GISWatch presents stories from around the world on how the politics of sex and sexual rights activism takes place online. We want to research how generally accepted sexual identities, as well as marginalised sexualities, are expressed, regulated and moralised on the internet. We also want to show how this relates to the threats of surveillance, censorship and online violence. Th...

Queering internet governance in Indonesia
Queering internet governance in Indonesia 14 November 2015 Kamilia Manaf, Dewi Nova Wahyuni, and Ikram Baadila

In Indonesia, sexuality has gradually become a more and more open public discourse. Conflict on discourse of sexuality expands through the use of Internet. On the one hand, Internet has given space to the advancement of Human Rights including Human Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender, Intersex and Queer (LGBTIQ). On the other hand, the technology creates a space, which preserves stat...

Expression Restricted: An Account of Online Expression in Pakistan
Expression Restricted: An Account of Online Expression in Pakistan 28 October 2015 Asad Baig and Sadaf Khan for Bytes for All, Pakistan

Freedom of expression is a universally accepted human right. As a signatory of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Pakistan has committed to uphold this right in the national constitution and through local laws. This report looks at how this right is framed in the legal structure in Pakistan and how it is practised, particularly in the digital spaces, by customisin...

Status of Freedom of Expression Online: Malaysia
Status of Freedom of Expression Online: Malaysia 28 October 2015 Persatuan Kesedaran Komuniti Selangor (EMPOWER Malaysia)

This report assesses the state of specific internet-related rights in Malaysia, including freedom of expression, by applying the APC-La Rue Framework. Persatuan Kesedaran Komuniti Selangor (EMPOWER Malaysia) has used a customised version of the APC-La Rue Framework to assess Malaysia’s record on arbitrary blocking or filtering of content, criminalising of legitimate expression, imposition of...

India: Limited Access Restricting Expression
India: Limited Access Restricting Expression 28 October 2015 Ritu Srivastava and Niki Shah for Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF)

India is a country of paradox. In the era of information revolution, while India stands ranked among the top five contributors of the people who are online, it is also one of the top countries where more than 80% of the people have no access to internet, while more than 70% of women in rural India do not have access to a mobile phone. Through this research, Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF)...

Report on the Southern Africa Regional Infrastructure Sharing Workshop
Report on the Southern Africa Regional Infrastructure Sharing Workshop 23 September 2015 CRASA and APC

ICT policy makers and regulators from 14 Southern African countries comprising the Member States of the SADC region gathered in Johannesburg to discuss how infrastructure sharing strategies and policies can be used to improve broadband access in the region. Dveloping countries can save billions and speed universal broadband access by sharing telecom infrastructure (such as ducts, fibres and mas...