Issue papers

Perspectives on universal free access to online information in South Africa: Free public Wi-Fi and zero-rated content
Perspectives on universal free access to online information in South Africa: Free public Wi-Fi and zero-rated content 27 September 2017 This paper was prepared for APC by Applied Law & Technology Ltd, in collaboration with the South African National Editors’ Forum, Media Monitoring Africa, and the Interactive Advertising Bureau of South Africa

The purpose of this issue paper is to examine the background and legal framework that support a right to universal free access to online information, with a specific focus on the South African context.

Due diligence and accountability for online violence against women
Due diligence and accountability for online violence against women 31 July 2017 Zarizana Abdul Aziz

This paper explores what online violence against women is; what can be done to stem and ultimately eliminate it; and whose responsibility it is to do so.

A feminist action framework on development and digital technologies
A feminist action framework on development and digital technologies 29 May 2017 Anita Gurumurthy and Nandini Chami

Through a feminist lens that brings together economic justice and gender justice concerns, this paper traces the key elements of the right to access, right to knowledge and right to development in the network society, and chalks out strategic directions for feminist advocacy in relation to ICTs.

A history of feminist engagement with development and digital technologies
A history of feminist engagement with development and digital technologies 29 May 2017 Anita Gurumurthy

This paper historicises gender justice struggles and feminist engagement with ICT policies, tracing the idea of development put forward by women from the global South through the years leading to the Beijing Conference on Women and later, the WSIS process.

Big data and sexual surveillance
Big data and sexual surveillance 09 December 2016 Nicole Shephard

This paper highlights the gendered and racialised effects of data practices; outlines the overlapping nature of state, commercial and peer surveillance; and maps the challenges and opportunities women and queers encounter on the nexus between data, surveillance, gender and sexuality.

Business and digital rights: Taking stock of the UN Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights in the ICT sector
Business and digital rights: Taking stock of the UN Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights in the ICT sector 13 June 2016 David Sullivan

This issue paper takes stock of the implementation of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in the ICT sector,  in terms of state responsibility to protect human rights, corporate responsibility to respect rights, and access to effective remedy when rights have been violated.  

Challenges to civil society participation in internet governance in the MENA region
Challenges to civil society participation in internet governance in the MENA region 25 May 2016 Mohammad Tarakiyee

This issue paper links challenges to civil participation in internet governance in the Middle East and North Africa and the state of internet rights in the region with civil society advocacy strategies, as well as providing some recommendations, with a focus on Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon.  

Digital safety in context: Perspectives on digital security training and human rights realities in the Arab world
Digital safety in context: Perspectives on digital security training and human rights realities in the Arab world 19 May 2016 Reem Almasri

This research aims to highlight the links between the efforts of digital security trainings in the Arab region with the human rights realities, focusing on Morocco and Palestine. It is part of APC’s project Building a culture of online human rights and digital security in the Maghreb-Machrek region.

Digital rights advocacy in the Arab world and the Universal Periodic Review
Digital rights advocacy in the Arab world and the Universal Periodic Review 01 May 2016 Wafa Ben Hassine

This report explores how local groups in the Maghreb and Machrek regions are engaged in internet-related rights advocacy at the national and regional levels, and how that reflects upon the inclusion of these issues in the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process.  

Women’s rights, gender and Internet governance
Women’s rights, gender and Internet governance 05 November 2015 Avri Doria

This issue paper addresses the degree to which gender and women’s rights feature in Internet governance, in multiple interconnected ways including, but certainly not limited to, access, content and representation. Gender and women’s rights occupy a largely rhetorical role in today’s discussion of Internet governance.