Internet Freedom Index: Draft Checklist for Reporting under Article 19
, January 2013
In his 2011 annual report, the United Nations’ Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression focused on the Internet. The report considered general human rights principles on freedom of opinion and expression, whether these apply to the internet and a number of issues:
Arbitrary blocking or filtering of content
Criminalizing of legitimate expression
Imposition of Internet intermediary liability
The implications of disconnecting users including on the grounds of intellectual property rights violations
Privacy and data protection
In doing so, the Rapporteur developed a broad framework for assessing freedom of expression on the Internet. Using this framework and drawing from General Comment 34 on Article 19 of the ICCPR, as well as recommendations made by UN Special Mandate holders, APC’s Internet Rights project has developed a draft checklist for civil society groups to monitor legislation, raise awareness, defend internet rights, and influence policy.
This checklist is part of APC’s Internet Rights are Human Rights project, funded by the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA).