La ONU reconoce la libertad de expresión en internet como un derecho humano

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Por AL para APCNoticias

NUEVA YORK, Estados Unidos, 09 July 2012

El 5 de julio de 2012 el Consejo de Derechos Humanos de las Naciones Unidas aprobó una resolución que establece que los estados parte deberán proteger el derecho a la libertad de expresión en internet. “Los mismos derechos que las personas tienen fuera de internet deben ser protegidos cuando están conectadas”, dice el texto de la resolución.

Tuvo el apoyo de 85 auspiciantes, entre ellos Brasil, Suecia, Estados Unidos y Egipto. Se trata de un número sin precedentes, especialmente si se lo compara con las resoluciones de los años anteriores sobre el mismo tema. Por un lado sienta un precedente acerca de la vigencia de los derechos humanos en internet. Por el otro, reconoce “el carácter global de internet como fuerza para acelerar el progreso hacia el desarrollo”.

APC celebra este apoyo explícito de la comunidad internacional a la defensa y promoción de la libertad de expresión en internet. La resolución muestra, a su vez, el impacto de la red de organizaciones convocadas por APC para incidir a favor de la libertad de expresión en internet. Se trata de un primer paso hacia el cumplimiento y la protección de los derechos humanos en internet.

Texto completo de la resolución, en inglés

Human Rights Council
Twentieth session Agenda item 3
Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development

Algeria*, Argentina*, Australia*, Austria, Azerbaijan*, Belgium, Bolivia (Plurinational State of)*, Bosnia and Herzegovina*, Brazil*, Bulgaria*, Canada*, Chile, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire*, Croatia*, Cyprus*, Czech Republic, Denmark*, Djibouti, Egypt*, Estonia*, Finland*, France*, Georgia*, Germany*, Greece*, Guatemala, Honduras*, Hungary, Iceland*, India, Indonesia, Ireland*, Italy, Latvia*, Libya, Liechtenstein*, Lithuania*, Luxembourg*, Maldives, Malta*, Mauritania, Mexico, Monaco*, Montenegro*, Morocco*, Netherlands*, Nigeria, Norway, Palestine*, Peru, Poland, Portugal*, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Republic of Korea*, Romania, Serbia*, Slovakia*, Slovenia*, Somalia*, Spain, Sweden*, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*, Timor-Leste*, Tunisia*, Turkey*, Ukraine*, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland*, United States of America, Uruguay. [* Non-Member State of the Human Rights Council]

The promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet

The Human Rights Council,

Guided by the Charter of the United Nations,

Reaffirming the human rights and fundamental freedoms enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and relevant international human rights treaties, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,

Recalling all relevant resolutions of the Commission on Human Rights and the Human Rights Council on the right to freedom of opinion and expression, in particular Council resolution 12/16 of 2 October 2009, and also recalling General Assembly resolution 66/184 of 22 December 2011,

Noting that the exercise of human rights, in particular the right to freedom of expression, on the Internet is an issue of increasing interest and importance as the rapid pace of technological development enables individuals all over the world to use new information and communications technologies,

_Taking note of the reports of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, submitted to the Human Rights Council at its seventeenth session,1 and to the General Assembly at its sixty-sixth session,2 on freedom of expression on the Internet,

1. Affirms that the same rights that people have offline must also be protected online, in particular freedom of expression, which is applicable regardless of frontiers and through any media of one’s choice, in accordance with articles 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
2. Recognizes the global and open nature of the Internet as a driving force in accelerating progress towards development in its various forms;
3. Calls upon all States to promote and facilitate access to the Internet and international cooperation aimed at the development of media and information and communications facilities in all countries;
4. Encourages special procedures to take these issues into account within their existing mandates, as applicable;
5. Decides to continue its consideration of the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights, including the right to freedom of expression, on the Internet and in other technologies, as well as of how the Internet can be an important tool for development and for exercising human rights, in accordance with its programme of work.

(FIN/2012)

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