From impunity to justice: Improving corporate policies to end technology-related violence against women - Summary
The present report explores women’s experiences of and demands for corporate accountability in cases of technology-related violence against women (VAW) as highlighted by the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) seven-country research initiative, “End violence: Women’s rights and safety online”, conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya, Mexico, Pakistan and the Philippines. Here, in-depth case studies on survivors’ experiences, their attempts to access justice, reviews of corporate policies, and interviews with public policy representatives have been evaluated with reference to: a) national telephony companies, b) social media and networking platforms, and c) pornography websites. A total of 24 case studies were documented across the seven countries, and the policies of 22 companies were reviewed.
Between April 2013 and June 2014, the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) carried out its multi-country research exploring the adequacy and effectiveness of domestic legal remedies and corporate policies/redress mechanisms to address the issue of technology-related violence against women (VAW). This paper written by Namita Malhotra draws heavily on the final research reports from that project.
The case summaries are based on in-depth case studies mapping women’s experiences of technology-related VAW and their attempts to access justice either through domestic legal remedy or corporate grievance mechanisms. The original case studies were documented as part of the Association for Progressive Communication’s (APC) seven-country research initiative, “From impunity to justice: Exploring corporate and legal remedies for technology-related violence against women”, conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya, Mexico, Pakistan and the Philippines.
Use of ICTs to improve access to justice and health for women and children victims of sexual and domestic violence in the Republic of Congo. A Survey Report
This survey, conducted in Pointe-Noire and Nkayi, has enabled the identification of the recurrent forms of violence to which women are subject in these two towns; the identification of the obstacles to access to justice and health; an inventory of the use of information and communication technologies in fighting violence against women; and the proposal of recommendations for civil society, partners, donors and the Ministry for the Promotion of Women and Women’s Integration in Development as well as town councils. The results of the survey will certainly contribute towards actions by civil society and various stakeholders involved in the response to sexual and domestic violence in the Republic of Congo.
This study seeks to explore recent legislative developments aimed at addressing and providing avenues of redress for technology-related violence against women. We explore the objectives, structure and application of four domestic legislative responses to different forms of violence against women, seeking to understand how domestic legislatures are responding to increasing awareness of violence against women online.
Domestic legal remedies for technology-related violence against women: Review of related studies and literature
This review of related studies and literature forms part of the legal remedy research which falls under the “End violence: Women’s rights and safety online” flagship project of the Association for Progressive Communications. The review will present different perspectives on the interrelatedness and interconnectedness between ICT and VAW. It will cover the existing laws, prevailing policy frameworks and mechanisms in cases of technology-related VAW, and identify gaps and emerging issues from seven countries, namely Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mexico, Pakistan and the Philippines.
The following case summaries are excerpted from “End violence against women: Country reports”, which involve seven countries and are part of research commissioned by the Association for Progressive Communications Women’s Rights Programme (APC WRP) beginning in 2013.
A recent report, “Internet intermediaries and violence against women online” released by the Association for Progressive Communications for the “End violence: Women’s rights and safety online” project, analyses the policies and redress framework of the three major internet intermediaries: Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, in regard to violence against women online. These case studies allow APC to further its progress by creating a bridge between social networking platforms and policymakers by analyzing and addressing concerns found in the intermediaries’ online policies and responses to issues of VAW.