Latin America & the Caribbean
APC’s submission for Ecuador to the Universal Period Review process, with support from CIESPAL and Radialistas Apasionadas y Apasionados, highlights the critical importance of the Internet for human rights, as well as social and economic development.
A recent panel on “Social movements and data security” held at the University of Costa Rica highlights the crucial importance of information security to today’s activists.
Ecuador’s new constitution has created opportunities for democratising the spectrum based on a renewed vision of rights, and clearer definitions of the competencies required by the bodies that formulate policy and regulations. The priority now are civil society discussions on the legal reforms the new constitution demands says Marco Navas Alvear.
Venezuela’s socialist development model has brought about significant changes favouring the democratisation of spectrum say Sandra Benítez and Ermanno Pietrosemoli in a new study for APC. But doubts remain about who will loosen the private sector’s grip on the sector. Civil society plays a key watchdog role to ensure that the steps taken benefit the state, rather than the government of the day.
There is a lack of awareness in Mexico of the environmental harm caused by the present models of production, consumption and disposal of electronic waste. However, there is also a lack of awareness of the positive role that ICT can play in mitigating climate change.
Laws on climate change and waste management in Costa Rica have existed since 2009. However, despite appearing on paper, there has been little progress in putting them into practice. If the situation does not change, the country will not become carbon neutral by 2021.
IPS, Wellington, New Zealand
Colombian Law Sets Dangerous Precedent
03 October 2011
Mexico has one of the world’s most diverse ecosystems, and is therefore also very vulnerable to climate change. This report identifies in what ways the use of ICTs has been proposed in public policies as aresponse to climate change.It also points out convergence between the digital and climate agenda, and offers a deeper reflection and analysis on the issue.
When the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) was approved in Costa Rica in 2008, the telecommunications sector – previously a state monopoly – opened itself to the liberal economic market. This study looks at the different initiatives, policies and actors involved in environmental stability from the telecommunications sector and focuses on climate change and e-waste management.
Colombian lawmakers are studying the “Lleras law”, the latest effort by that country to secure a free trade agreement with the United States by submitting to U.S. demands to comply with U.S. intellectual property laws. The bill is currently being fast-tracked with little input or consultation from Colombian citizens.