Latin America & the Caribbean
Mexico’s Constitution recognises the right of access to information and communication technologies (ICTs). However, the population has a low rate of access to the internet. The law recognises net neutrality, including the principles of non-discrimination and free access. However, there is documentary evidence of practices that run contrary to these principles. Meanwhile, the Mexican authorities have augmented their technical and legal powers of surveillance of communications. The legislation does not clearly and precisely identify which authorities are empowered nor in what circumstances surveillance may take place.
Costa Rica has laws that recognise and protect the following rights: privacy, freedom of expression, honour, freedom of conscience, religion, association and assembly, and non-discrimination. The laws are backed up by national doctrine and jurisprudence, that is, judicial literature and sentences that recognise and mould an environment for the protection of these rights. For the present report what is of interest is the “medium of the internet” or the protection of these rights on the internet.
This report will give a rapid overview of current regulations and the most relevant cases – in the courts and the media – affecting positively or negatively the exercise of human rights by Colombian citizens. We will review regulations on net neutrality, cyber crime, child protection, criminal investigation and intelligence activities, data retention and anonymity, emphasising the problems that many of these regulations pose for the protection of fundamental rights.
Latin American civil society experts discuss media concentration and digital convergence in Montevideo
Thirty civil society experts from eight Latin American countries are gathering in Montevideo, Uruguay, to discuss media concentration and identify the policy and regulatory strategies needed to strengthen media plurality in this new environment.
Organisations defending and promoting the right to freedom of expression in Latin America, deeply concerned at the extent of media concentration in the Latin American region, issue the following declaration.
Anabella Rivera from Instituto DEMOS Guatemala: "Central America is a fairly isolated region, and with APC we will open up doors of opportunity in these countries"
The executive director of APC member Instituto DEMOS Guatemala, Anabella Rivera, was interviewed in Mexico by APCNews. She offers her perspective on APC’s milestones over the last 25 years and her expectations as a recent member of the network.
“We have been continuously involved in training a group of 4,000 technical experts, here in Latin America,” says Sandra Benítez proudly. She is part of Escuela Latinoamericana de Redes (EsLaRed), an APC member in Venezuela. Interviewed by APCNews, Benítez talks about the major achievements of APC in the past 25 years, and the ways in which the network has promoted collaboration among its members.
They are called AlterMundi and describe themselves as a “network of activists, working with people with no knowledge of networks or information technology.” This year they won the 2015 award in the “Devices, Infrastructure and Technologies: Acceleration and expansion of access” category from the Regional Fund for Digital Innovation in Latin America and the Caribbean (FRIDA).
Among the most controversial issues that Latin America has faced in 2015 are the arrival of Free Basics (formerly Internet.org) and surveillance on the internet, including the Hacking Team revelations. To present these issues in their context, Derechos Digitales and APC launched a summary of the digital rights arena in the region in 2015 at an Internet Governance Forum pre-event.
During the APC Latin America and the Caribbean members meeting held in Mexico City, we interviewed Julián Casasbuenas, director of Colombian APC member Colnodo and current chair of the APC Board. He shared his thoughts about APC’s 25-year history.