What is the state of digital security and digital rights advocacy in the Middle East and North Africa?
During the “Arab Spring” of 2011, the internet was a space for mobilisation. Despite the increasing sophistication of persecution, the efforts to defend human rights, both online and offline, have not ceased.
This report explores how local groups in the Maghreb and Machrek regions are engaged in internet-related rights advocacy at the national and regional levels, and how that reflects upon the inclusion of these issues in the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process.
As part of our research project Connecting your rights: Economic, social and cultural rights (ESCRs) and the internet, scholar Andrew Rens has produced a paper that focuses on the role of the internet in providing educational resources in South Africa.
Nigerian internet rights defender Gbenga Sesan talks about the African Declaration on Internet Rights, youth and the importance of regional work.
Cultural rights and the internet in Brazil. Presentation at 157th session at Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Women's Rights and the Internet in Uganda Stakeholder Report - Universal Periodic Review 26th Session – Uganda
Paraguay experienced state and private surveillance during the military dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner (1954-1989). However, the democratic period is not exempt from similar practices or new forms of abusive intrusion into the lives of citizens.
This report analyses surveillance and violations of basic rights that continue in this democratic period in Paraguay, in other forms including surveillance using the internet.
Mexico’s Constitution recognises the right of access to information and communication technologies (ICTs). However, the population has a low rate of access to the internet. The law recognises net neutrality, including the principles of non-discrimination and free access. However, there is documentary evidence of practices that run contrary to these principles. Meanwhile, the Mexican authorities have augmented their technical and legal powers of surveillance of communications. The legislation does not clearly and precisely identify which authorities are empowered nor in what circumstances surveillance may take place.