Gender & ICTs

Women 2000 and beyond: Gender equality in information and communication technologies

By Sonia Jorge, Nancy Hafkin and Chat Garcia Ramilo (September 2005, United Nations Secretariat )

“Women 2000 and beyond: Gender equality in information and communication technologies” was compiled by the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women (UNDAW), with the collaboration of Sonia Jorge, Nancy Hafkin and Chat Garcia Ramilo.

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Mainstreaming ICTs: Africa lives the information society.

By Women'sNet and OSISA (January 2005, Women'sNet and OSISA )

This handbook for development practitioners offers 10 case studies from southern Africa in an attempt to bridge policy and practice in the use of ICTs to confront issues of gender inequalities, schools with limited resources, and harsh environmental realities. It also features five toolkits to help civil society organisations deepen their capacity to apply ICTs and forge their path in the information society. One of the toolkits featured is APC WNSP’s Gender Evaluation Methodology for Internet and ICTs (GEM).

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Two women lobby for communications rights

By Dafne Plou (December 2005, Digitall Future: International Feminist Magazine )
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The role of information and communication technologies in the development of African women

By Jennifer Radloff, Natasha Primo and Alice Munyua (August 2004, APC )

This paper sets out to look at the question to information and communication technologies (ICTs) in relation to women’s development in Africa. The emphasis is on current issues and the paper highlights key issues and challenges faced by women in Africa and to a smaller extent, globally. The paper provides examples of good practice and includes recommendations to civil society organisations on how to create an enabling environment for women to access and use ICTs for development. The crucial link between understanding the gender dimensions of the information society – in terms of what women’s needs are and a thorough understanding of conditions of access, policies – and the potential ICTs have of boosting the economic, political and social empowerment of women, and the promotion of gender equality is explored. An extensive resource list and examples of successful initiatives form the field are included in appendices.

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Paddling in circles while the waters rise: Gender issues in ICTs and poverty reduction

By Angela M Kuga Thas (October 2005, APC )

This brief was published for the Gender and ICT Awards knowledge-sharing session where the winners and guests deliberate the issue: Can ICTs really help in women’s economic empowerment? This session was held at the 10th AWID International Forum on Women’s Rights and Development in Bangkok, Thailand from 27-30 October 2005. This brief is a condensed version of the issue paper with the same title, which was commissioned by the Association for Progressive Communications Women’s Networking Support Programme (APC WNSP).

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The gender digital divide in francophone Africa: A harsh reality (English translation)

By Marie-Hélène Mottin-Sylla (May 2006, APC )

Women have one chance in three less than men to benefit in the African information society. In the “Gender digital divide in francophone Africa” research on six countries (Benin, Burkina FasoBurkina Faso, Cameroon, Mali, Mauritania and Senegal) conducted by the Gender and ICT Network, connections between gender and ICTs were found to be widely unrecognised. Looking at control, content, capacities and connectivity, the research measured gender disparities that are present with regard to access, use and mastery of ICTs. The reality surfaced from the results is as the title suggests, harsh. However, more positively, this collaborative research has developed critical statistical tools to enable concrete measurement of the gender digital divide. In turn, the data and knowledge base established renders the gender dimension in this field significantly visible. For the development of ICT policies that are equitable, strategic and relevant, particularly in response to poverty-reduction, this constitutes an important decision-making tool for the region.

The Gender Digital Divide in Francophone Africa: A Harsh Reality» is part of the French-language series “Etudes et recherches” published by ENDA. The series consists of papers presented at seminars and raining sessions, occasional papers and other documents.

The English translation and publication in PDF format of «The Gender Digital Divide in Francophone Africa: A Harsh Reality» was made possible thanks to the Association for Progressive Communications (APC).

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Gender Evaluation Methodology for Internet and ICTs: A learning tool for change and empowerment

By Chat Garcia Ramilo and Cheekay Cinco (March 2006, SIPAT Publications Inc. )

GEM is an online tool created by the APC WNSP to integrating a gender analysis into evaluations of initiatives that use information and communication technologies (ICTs) for social change.

It provides an evaluation framework and tools to learn how ICT for development programmes and projects are improving women’s lives and changing gender roles and relations in the family, communities and larger society.

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SNAPSHOTS: Who is at the IGF II? Katerina Fialova


Katerina Fialova is a coordinator with the APC. She's coordinating the gender and APC">ICT policy

portal called This means that she is working on regulation and policy there where gender and technology intersect. What that really means? It is like looking at how cellphones for instance, can best be used to inform women in rural areas. 

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