ICT policy

Kenya Communications Amendment Act (2009): Progressive or retrogressive?
Kenya Communications Amendment Act (2009): Progressive or retrogressive? 23 September 2009

This report unpacks this mixed reception to the Kenya Communications Amendment Bill (2007), outlining the media’s objections as well as the government’s response, and contextualising the tension between the two historically. At the same time, it asks whether the sector’s positive response to the Act was misplaced, given some worrying inconsistencies and omissions.

Milking a cow you don’t feed: Is Uganda starving telecoms growth through high taxes?
Milking a cow you don’t feed: Is Uganda starving telecoms growth through high taxes? 09 September 2009

Analysts argue that governments in cash-strapped developing countries often tread a tightrope between a need to shore up the state coffers for public spending, and a responsibility to address critical telecommunications access for the poor. Telecommunications make money – lots of it – and many governments know that this money can be used to fund basic services, such as water, housing and electricity. But in the process universal access promises go adrift, as is the case with Uganda’s hi...

Battle for control of the internet in Peru
Battle for control of the internet in Peru 30 July 2009

In Peru companies like Claro or Telefónica ignore rules and regulations when the time comes to sign the contract with the end user. Moreover, they reserve the right to block certain types of internet traffic, like voice over internet, infringing on a principle referred to as “net neutrality”. In one of our latest investigations, APC analyses this principle and illustrates it with examples...

Broadband in the Andes: Alternatives to the free-market model
Broadband in the Andes: Alternatives to the free-market model 16 July 2009

The Andean region has some of the lowest fixed telephone line, mobile telephony and broadband penetration rates of all Latin America, the continent with the starkest economic disparities in the world. In the 90s, Andean countries adopted new liberalisation and privatisation policies in order to attain universal access. Almost 20 years later, these promises have not been fulfilled. APC studied e...

Congo –  internet access for a day’s wage
Congo – internet access for a day’s wage 16 July 2009

In the Congo, people are paying for a service that cannot even meet their needs. Poor connectivity and staggering costs that can be as high as USD 2 make it difficult to promote widespread use of the internet. In a country where people earn as little as three or four dollars (US) a day, it is impossible for 97% of Congolese to even access the internet. And those who do, are not guaranteed to g...

Ecuador: Fund for the Development of Telecommunications in Rural and Urban-marginal Areas
Ecuador: Fund for the Development of Telecommunications in Rural and Urban-marginal Areas 09 July 2009

Universal Access Funds, in Ecuador as well as several other countries of the region, were created in response to liberalisation and privatisation policies of the telecommunications companies. These funds, financed through a percentage of the companies’ profits, intended to finance projects to expand telecommunications infrastructure. This study analyses the Telecommunications Development Fun...

Peru: Fund for the Investment in Telecommunications
Peru: Fund for the Investment in Telecommunications 09 July 2009

This document studies the case of the Telecommunications Investment Fund (FITEL), the Peruvian government agency that provides universal access to telecommunications in rural areas, privileging social concerns. The fund’s development during its 15 years in existence has meant going from mere infrastructure availability to projects implemented from a socio-technical perspective, where, in addi...

Venezuela: Fund for Universal Service
Venezuela: Fund for Universal Service 09 July 2009

This exploratory study, carried out by Funredes and EsLaRed, analyses the use of the Universal Service Fund (FSU-Fondo de Servicio Universal) in Venezuela. Since 2001 the FSU has financed access points in different areas as well as infrastructure and access networks for communities and government agencies. The study indicates that only 30% of the funding has been allocated and that, of this su...

Colombia: Social appropriation: The implementation of the new Compartel telecentres
Colombia: Social appropriation: The implementation of the new Compartel telecentres 09 July 2009

The action consisted of approaching the decision-makers for the Colombian government’s project to supply community internet access centres in schools, through which close to 1700 new telecentres will be installed. Colnodo and the National Network of Telecentres (RNT-Red Nacional de Telecentros), members of AndinaTIC in Colombia, have been working with the government to promote models of socia...

Ecuador: Inputs from civil society for the formulation of the Communication Law
Ecuador: Inputs from civil society for the formulation of the Communication Law 09 July 2009

The objective of this action was to include civil society’s perspective on the right to communication in Ecuador’s new communications law. This law, which should be approved in 2009, comes out of the Andean country’s new constitution. Civil society actively participated in the constitutional process and was successful in incorporating aspects related to the right to communication. The pr...